Green Tax and it, s Effects on Economic, Social and Environmental Indices in Khorasan-Razavi Province, Iran

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نويسندگان مقاله: Naser Shahnoushi froshani

One of the most important government challenges is the environmental crisis. Macro-economic policies can make variations in the environmental system function. These variations, especially viewpoint emission, can be very important. Financial policy and taxes are two of the major macro-economic policies. Green taxes are important as a major implement in achieving sustainable development. In this study, Indirect taxes (taxes on fossil fuels) have been considered, and have been tried using an input-output table of the Khorasan-Razavi province in 2001, specifically looking at the amount of pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions, to survey the welfare and environmental effects on the green tax for the consumer sectors of energy in Mashhad. For this purpose, using the computational general equilibrium model, welfare changes with and without environmental impact, changes in demand for fossil fuels and changes in pollutants for the eleven tax scenarios have been studied. For consideration of emissions, variations of pollutants (CO2, SO2, NOX, CO, CH and SPM) are calculated with variations of fossil fuels. To this end, two environmental factors -health and heating- have been considered. The emissions depend on each sector’s use of each type of fossil fuel, i.e. each sector has a sector specific emission factor for each type of fuel used. The results indicated that taxation on fuel reduced intermediate and consumer demand for fossil fuels. If the environmental effects are considered, in the all scenarios, the welfare changes were positive and welfare increases as the tax rate increases; in the other words, the increasing taxes on fossil fuels is desirable. The highest growth rate of welfare is the 15% tax rate (scenario IV). Under the 15% tax rate on fossil fuels, welfare has decreased 0.1%, if the environmental effects are not considered. Furthermore, CO2, SO2, NOX, CO, CH and SPM emissions have decreased 4.7%, 2.7%, 3.5%, 3.4%, 4.8% and 2.9% respectively, and by removing the pollutants, the environmental factors of health and heating saw a welfare increase of 0.096% and 4.6% respectively.

كلمات كليدي: Emission, Welfare, Fossil fuels, Green tax, CGE, Khorasan-Razavi Province
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ارايه در کنفرانس: 6th Annual International Symposium on Economic Theory, Policy and Applications
مكان برگزاري کنفرانس: آتن
سال برگزاری کنفرانس: 2011

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